Sichern Sie sich jetzt Karten für Alfons: Jetzt noch deutscherer in BREMEN. ÖFFNUNGSZEITEN von Action Discountmarkt ➤ Hammersbecker Str. , Bremen ☎ Telefonnummer ✓ Heutige Öffnungszeiten ✓ Kontaktdaten. Sichern Sie sich jetzt Karten für Erdmöbel: Hinweise zum Gebrauch - Tour. Där kunde han den 9 mars se den berömda striden mellan Action vegesack och Monitor vid Hamton Road. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. För att lugna sina soldater red von Vegesack utmed Beste Spielothek in Diekhausen finden med fanbäraren straxt efter. Vegesack's notes on his service in the Civil War. Here everything, almost as an ambition as for online casino games book of ra other purpose, concerns the subjugation of the South, and for this idea there is no sacrifice that cannot be tipico bonus auszahlen lassen. Genom sin tapperhet vid Gaines Hill erhöll han den 23 augusti utmärkelsen "Medal of Honour". Yes, Beste Spielothek in Bispingen finden officers are even seen commanding troops. The city of Bremen was captured in April In the battle that followed Vegesack won distinction by reconnoitering casino colosseum pforzheim enemy lines, and later commanding the center skirmish line. Monday until Friday 8.
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He became a Major General and was elected to the Swedish Diet. He became a major and aide de camp the same year, and ended his American service as colonel of the 20th New York Volunteers, At the end of the war, and after his return to Sweden, he was breveted Brigadier General, U.
Ernst von Vegesack belonged to a family that moved from Westphalia to Estonia during the late Middle Ages and was raised to Swedish nobility in In spite of its baronial title, the family was never rich, and after his retirement from the army, Ernst's father eked out a meager living as a customs inspector on the island of Gotland.
Ernst, who was born in , followed the example of his father and grandfather, and became an officer, first on Gotland, and later in a regiment on the mainland.
His love of adventure got the upper hand in , and he became a battery officer on St. He stayed in the Swedish West Indian colony for six years.
Back in Sweden, he soon left his company command for a far more profitable job as a railroad superintendent. An argument with the president of the railroad, however, led to his resignation and subsequent departure for America in Ernst von Vegesack at age Gösta Florman Studio, Stockholm.
American Swedish Institute collection. In America, Vegesack wrote a series of ten letters from the "North American Theater of War" that was anonymously published in the Stockholm evening paper Aftonbladet.
He also wrote four long letters to his brother officer, Captain Carl Fredrik Toll, and several letters to an acquaintance, the iron-master Mr.
Habicht, and to the Swedish minister in Washington, D. The letters to Mr. The letters to Aftonbladet, however, exist as original manuscripts and as originally published.
Copies of some of the letters to Habicht and Piper were enclosed in the diplomatic dispatches to Stockholm and still exist. Letter from North America.
A page from one of Vegesack's letters to Aftonbladet. In his letters Vegesack discussed military organization, strategy, military and political events, and rumors about the conditions in the South, and he made unsuccessful predictions about the future.
In the private letters he also told about his own achievements in colorful battle sketches. The most interesting aspect of the letters, however, is his view of leadership, morale, and discipline in the Union army.
Although Vegesack's perspective was colored, first by a kind of culture shock when he encountered American conditions, then by sickness and increasing war weariness, it is still the view of an European professional officer writing, not as an outside observer, but as an insider in the Union army.
The recurring theme is the contrast between the enlisted men and the officers in the volunteer army.
The former are seen as the best and bravest ever put under arms, while the latter are regarded as professional incompetents and moral cowards. Through diplomatic arrangement, and the interest of Secretary Seward, Vegesack received a commission as captain in 58th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry in September He did not serve in this regiment, however, but served on the staff of Brigadier General Dan Butterfield.
After only a month in Butterfield's brigade, he received an appointment as major and additional aide de camp on the staff of General Wool, the ancient Federal commander of the Department of Virginia.
In spite of the move, young Butterfield remained his friend and benefactor long after the end of the war.
With a colonel on the staff, he was in charge of the outposts. The enemy used the wooded terrain, and constantly sent forward patrols that attacked isolated posts, and Vegesack often had to spend nights in the saddle, wet and cold.
In spite of his brief service in the Union army, Vegesack held very definite opinions about it. He was particularly struck by the contrast between the soldiers and the officers.
The unhappy affair at Bull Run taught the North the impossibility of crushing the southern rebellion with an army thrown together in great haste, without discipline, and with officers that almost without exception are useless.
The South has, moreover, shown that they have a rather able army, good officers, and competent generals. Although the Northern army does not possess the military bearing and discipline characteristic of European soldiers, it contains good material to develop, and surely no army in the world can compete with its soldiers' intelligence, strong physiques, and enthusiasm for the cause they have taken up arms to defend.
Enlisted men in the regiments are, to a significant extent, made up of merchants, clerks, tradesmen, skillful mechanics, and landowners who, considering it their absolute duty to defend the existence of the Union, have left their profitable occupations, their families, and the comfort of home to submit themselves to all the drudgeries and dangers of war.
The Union soldier is excellently armed and dressed well; baggage and medical equipment are arranged in the best way, and nothing that can be bought for money for the use and need of the army has been neglected.
Indeed, the government must be given all credit for its ceaseless efforts to put the army on excellent footing.
These efforts would surely have been met with success, had it only been within the power of the government to procure competent officers, but here lies the weakness of the army, impossible to rectify, as long as the present principles of promotions are adhered to.
In order to raise an army rapidly, the President was forced to ask the state governors to form volunteer regiments within their jurisdictions. However, the several states did not, out of envy, allow the Union government to supply the new regiments with officers.
They are, therefore, commissioned by the state governments, after due election by the men. Washington is now calm, but that was not the case two months ago.
Then General McClellan came and took command of the Army of the Potomac, and soon everything changed The wild soldiers were at first astonished that they were to be deprived of the right to be as rowdy as they pleased in their own capital.
They were, however, arrested, taken to the regiments and punished, and are today finding 'it is all right. Without doubt McClellan will justify the confidence put in him by the Nation.
Daily and constantly he is on horseback, visiting camps and outposts, not neglecting now and then to look at the conditions in the city.
He has had good entrenchments thrown up to defend Washington, he is indefatigable in his efforts to bring home discipline and efficiency in his army, and he is often holding reviews to inspect the order within the several brigades.
In his first letter to C. Toll, dated Fort Monroe, 1 November , written after less than a month service with General Wool, Vegesack returned to the theme of the incompetency of the Union officers.
Again he expressed the views that the soldiers were excellent and that with adequate officers the rebellion could be crushed within a month.
I am feeling excellent, am in a very good mood, and finding that life has so many good sides that have previously been unknown to me.
Skirmishes occur daily, and last Saturday, when I rode some hundred yards in front of the skirmish line, a rebel scoundrel shot my orderly, so he fell head over heels to the ground; I retired within the skirmish line.
Here it is common to try to shoot each others' posts, so when a company leaves for outpost duty, they all say goodbye to their friends.
The country is so wooded that it is difficult to see far ahead. Therefore, small, stealthy patrols constantly sneak around and snatch away the posts.
We are daily awaiting an attack from General Magruder, and let us see how we then can persevere. I fear that we will have to pull our troops back into the fortress.
Up until now the rebels have had the upper hand in all encounters, and this because they have good officers, while our army has some captains and sergeants, who in comparison make our wonderful old Sergeant S.
The soldier is excellent when disciplined. Dress, weaponry, and equipment are as good as can be desired. Baggage, ammunition, and ambulance wagons are very much to the purpose and in abundance; did there but exist passable officers to the , men strong army would the rebellion be crushed within a month.
Otherwise I have it as good as can be wished for, and if the war continues, I will probably not come home for training camp, but ask for extended leave.
Of course, I can still save some. Shortly afterwards, Vegesack wrote his second letter to Aftonbladet, dated 9 November , in which he repeated his now familiar complaints about the lack of competency among the Union officers, but also praised the moral and personal bravery of the Northern volunteers.
According to Vegesack, his commanding officer, General Wool, was neglected because he did not share the exact political views of the government in Washington.
The first and largest army, the Army of the Potomac, has about , men, and is commanded by General McClellan, a man in his best years, who spares no efforts in his attempts to install discipline and a military spirit in the volunteer regiments.
Yet he is lacking the sharp eye and ability to perceive his enemy's movements quickly, so necessary for a general, in order to use immediately the advantages shown in that way.
He is also too careful and afraid of being beaten, rather resting his arms, now and then interrupting the monotony with a review. As he is held in high regard by the President and the members of the war cabinet, he surely aspires to succeed General Scott.
The Articles of War here are as rigorous as in any other army, but are applied to the volunteers with all possible leniency, and the methods of punishment are largely dependent on the imagination of the sentencing authority.
By leaving no wrong unpunished and by the efforts of the generals to dismiss as many incompetent officers as possible, installing a rather good discipline in the volunteer army has been possible.
As respect for the Southern army is growing every day, because it has not been so easy to overcome, one is hoping that more carefulness will be shown by Northern officers, and consequently their efforts to crush the rebellion will be crowned with success.
The hard-won victories carried off by the rebel army cannot be ascribed to the greater bravery of their soldiers—as more moral and physical courage than shown by the volunteers from the free states can hardly be found in any nation—but rather the advantage of having in their ranks the best officers of the United States Army that, as bom in the slave states, went over to the rebel army at the beginning of the rebellion..
America is, however, the most curious country under the sun, and a European has to live here for many years before he can see things with the same eyes as the Americans themselves.
No one can yet see that the country is suffering from this. Manufactures and agriculture flourish. Everything takes place as usual.
If need be, there is will to increase the army to double strength and to obtain necessary means for its maintenance.
Here everything, almost as an ambition as for any other purpose, concerns the subjugation of the South, and for this idea there is no sacrifice that cannot be done.
And with all this, what has this Northern army done? If one did not read in the papers now and then with large letters 'Brilliant Victory—Great Defeat of the Rebel Forces—Dashing Bravery of Captain John Doe,' it would hardly be sure that in this country armies of , men are concentrated.
In vain the bases for this way of conducting a war are sought. The public is crying out for energy and 'forward,' and wants to see large and decisive battles; while, in contrast, the government and the generals, at least some of them, seem to be gifted with a more than reasonable calm.
The reason for this is difficult to find out, but surely there are under all this deeper political calculations than generally assumed and believed. The South has many friends and supporters in the North trying to find a peaceful solution of the situation, if this is possible, even with large sacrifices from the North..
The foreign military here and also some of the Americans themselves laugh at these so-called achievements—but what is to be done?
Americans are very fond of outward distinctions, and to see his own name in the papers is something for which he is willing to risk a lot. For the present, the newspapers perhaps have the most difficult problem to solve, that is to keep the public in a good mood and show that this large army and these enormous sums so willingly put to the disposition of the government have accomplished something.
Patience is, however, starting to give out, and one finds now and then in the papers, especially in the New York Times, the most independent of them, articles, if not exactly critical of the government, the immobility of the Army of the Potomac, and the many blunders committed by the higher officers, at least statements that the public can no longer stomach this tardiness.
In a letter to Aftonbladet, dated New York, 5 December , Vegesack repeated his complaints about the slow progress of the Army of the Potomac.
He went on to argue that most of the people in the North were said to be abolitionists and how it was generally regarded that a peace without slave emancipation was impossible.
The large Army of the Potomac is still commanded by McClellan, although he has been appointed general in chief of the United States Army after General Scott and is a real sloth.
It is gliding forward with glacial speed. If I am not mistaken, this army has, since the Bull Run affair, advanced only 10 kilometers, and then only because General Beauregard found it to his advantage to pull back his outposts toward Fairfax, with the Army of the Potomac obligingly following him at a proper distance.
However, one can daily read in the papers that foraging parties and patrols have been snatched away by the rebels, who are active and use all opportunities to lure Yankee boys into a trap.
The Army has still not induced itself to dislodge the rebels from the batteries that are blocking the Potomac River and cutting off the navigation to Washington.
Although this might eventually happen. In another letter to Aftonbladet, dated New York, 29 December , Vegesack attributed many of the Northern defeats to American impatience and went on to report about the emancipation proclamation issued by General Phelps and the resistance it met in the army, which did not want to see the war for the Union turned into a war for emancipation.
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At the Focke-Wulf factory, an assembly shop was completely flattened, 6 buildings were seriously damaged and 11 buildings lightly so.
The Atlas Werke , the Bremer Vulkan shipyard, the Norddeutsche Hütte , the Korff refinery, and two large dockside warehouses were also damaged.
This time, the heaviest casualties were suffered by the OTUs of No. Bremen records that two of the large firms hit in the recent Thousand raid - the Atlas Werke and the Korff refinery - were damaged again, as well as several smaller firms and dockside warehouses.
A hospital and an unrecorded number of houses were also hit. Seven people were killed and eighty injured. Bombs destroyed at least half of the Focke-Wulf factory buildings.
The st Bombardment Group was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for its performance for bombing the Bremen shipyards accurately in spite of persistent Luftwaffe fighter attacks and extremely heavy and accurate flak.
The bombers are escorted by 45 P's all the way to the target and P's; they claim Luftwaffe aircraft; 7 P's and 3 P's are lost; 2 P's are damaged beyond repair; 5 P's and 2 P's are damaged; casualties are 9 MIA.
Escort is provided by 6 fighter groups Ps and 85 Ps ; 1 group strafes an airfield and rail transport in the Munster and Hamm areas and claims Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; no losses.
Bremen reported that 48 houses were destroyed and damaged, mostly lightly. Extensive damage occurred in 5 important war industries, including the Focke-Wulf factory and the AG Weser U-boat construction yard, and at the local gasworks, a museum and a merchant-navy college, mostly fire.
As part of Mission , Ps and Ps bomb and strafe the Bremen area. Of a force of dispatched, Lancasters of No. One Lancaster and one Mosquito were lost .
As part of Mission , Bs bomb the armoured vehicle factories at Bremen, another 13 bombed Bremerhaven and one hit another target. Of the B sent on the mission four Bs were lost and damaged.
The escort was provided by Ps, one was lost with the pilot reported missing in action and two were damaged beyond repair.
As part of Mission , Bs were sent to bomb the Deschimag U-boat yards at Bremen and another to bomb the Bremen W rail bridge.
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